How your yard and garden performs in spring and summer depends highly on measure you take during fall to ensure it's continuing good health. Following are three important plant cultivation tasks that you should perform in fall.
Remove Vegetative Debris
Fallen leaves, pine needles, remnants of flower and vegetable beds, and any other vegetative debris should be thoroughly removed before the snow falls or the ground freezes. Even if you live in an area that doesn't experience much snow or hard freezes, this material should still be removed because it can hold water that may contribute to the development of fungal organisms and conditions such as root rot. It can also attract insect and animal pests to your garden. While you're removing the debris, keep an eye out for any seeds that you want to save to plant in the spring. Keep the seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dry place for the winter
Trim Your Trees
Your deciduous trees should be trimmed any time between late fall and early spring. It's a good practice to wait until the leaves have fallen to trim them -- this indicates that the tree has gone dormant, which means that it won't be as vulnerable to pathogens and pests that can enter wounds created by pruning shears. To further minimize the chances of spreading disease among your trees, soak your pruning shears and any other tools that will touch your trees in a solution of one part household bleach to nine parts warm water for at least 30 minutes. You can also thoroughly wipe off your tools with rubbing alcohol as well as purchase products designed to disinfect your tools from you local home improvement retailer.
Trimming trees properly can be tricky, so consider hiring a professional tree trimming service to ensure that that the job is done properly. An amateur can completely destroy a tree without meaning to by not knowing the right techniques.
Apply a Thick Layer of Organic Mulch
The last thing that you should do after the trees have been trimmed and the debris has all been cleared off is apply a thick layer of mulch to your perennials and trees. This helps protect their roots from being damaged by freezing temperatures once winter begins in earnest. Organic mulch also adds valuable nutrients to the soil.
Your local tree trimming service will be able to provide you with more information on fall maintenance tips designed to bring out the best in your yard and garden.